Rising from the Shivalik ranges and moving higher into the mid-Himalayas, Greater Himalayas and beyond, into the trans-Himalayan vast expanse of western Tibet, Himachal Pradesh is a land of grand diversity.
This highest mountain chain in the world has been revered and worshipped down the ages as the abode of the Gods. Many peaks and mountain lakes in Himachal are considered sacred where believers, braving storm and snow, trek to for an annual pilgrimage.
Rivers born of vast glacial fields are the life soul of the people living on the Indo-Gangetic and Brahmaputra plains. Rivers Beas, Ravi and Chenab, three tributaries rivers of River Indus, originates from Himachal. River Satluj, like the Indus and Brahmaputra, is one of the few rivers that cuts through the Himalayas. It enters Himachal at Shipki La and passes through a deep gorge in Kinnaur and leaves the state at Bhakra in a westward flow.Ridges of the mountains on the eastern flank of Satluj divide north India into the Indus and Ganga basins. Shimla, the state’s capital city, is located along this ridge line that stretches into Kinnaur. From the east side of Shimla, rainwater and snow melt flows into the Bay of Bengal and from the western side it end up in the Arabian Sea.